Ports are points at which external entities can connect to and interact with a Block in different or more limited ways than connecting directly to the Block itself. They are properties with a type that specifies features available to the external entities via Connectors to the ports. Proxy Ports define the boundary by specifying which features of the owning Block or Part Properties are visible through external connectors, while Full Ports define the boundary with their own features. Proxy Ports are always typed by Interface Blocks, a specialized kind of Block that has no behaviors or internal parts. Full Ports cannot be behavioral in the UML sense of standing in for the owning object, because they handle features themselves, rather than exposing features of their owners, or internal parts of their owners.
In the following figure, the chanel2 Proxy Port is typed by GrayCodeIB Interface Block which contains two Flow Properties of Pulse Signal: out a and out b. It means the Proxy Port that is typed by GrayCodeIB Interface Block can send and receive Flow Items of Pulse Signal.
The GrayCodeIB Interface Block is a type of Proxy Ports.
To define interfaces using ports
- Create a Block and decompose it in the SysML Internal Block Diagram.
How to define Blocks>>
How to create Block internal structure >>
- In the SysML , create Proxy Ports. How to create ports >>
- Create Interface Block in the model and specify its Flow Properties.
- Select created Interface Block as Proxy Port type. How to select port type >>
If ports are connected via Connector, both port types must be compatible.
If the same Interface Block is set as type for a ports on both ends, one of port should be conjugated. The conjugate mechanism reverses the direction of the Flow Properties and makes the connection compatible.
To conjugate port, do either
- On the diagram pane, right-click the port shape, and select the Is Conjugated command.
- Open the
The port is conjugated and the tilde symbol (~) appears before the ports type. See the following figure. of port, and set the Is Conjugated property value to true.
The model used in the figure of this page is the InvertedPendulum sample model. To open this sample do one of the following:
- Find in modeling tool <modeling tool installation directory>\samples\SysML\Inverted Pendulum\Inverted Pendulum.mdzip.